Wednesday, August 12, 2009

Tindakan Hadapi Penyakit A H1N1 Selsema Babi (Swine Flu)

Tindakan Hadapi Penyakit A H1N1 Selsema Babi (Swine Flu)

(1) Perkara paling penting adalah mendapatkan maklumat yang betul. Lawat laman web Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia.

Laman Web Rasmi Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia

Talian Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia (03) 8881-0200/300

Blog Rasmi Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia

Info Sihat

Centers For Disease Control (US)

Kematian akibat A H1N1 bukanlah disebabkan oleh virus itu sendiri tetapi akibat kesannya terhadapan golongan berisiko tinggi. Mereka yang menghadapi penyakit asthma, kencing manis, penyakit jantung, masalah buah pinggang dan wanita mengandung adalah dalam kumpulan berisiko tinggi.

Pastikan langkah berjaga-jaga diambil dan diambil berat oleh golongan berisiko tinggi.

(2) Mempertingkatkan sistem pertahanan badan

Adalah satu keperluan untuk meningkatkan sistem pertahanan badan. Tingkatkan permakanan buah-buahan dan sayur-sayuran. Vitamin C dalam buah-buahan mampu meningkatkan sistem pertahanan badan dan menentang virus yang memasuki badan.

Makan multivitamin bagi meningkatkan jumlah pengambilan khasiat kepada badan. Makanan multivitamin semula jadi seperti Spirulina dan dan Chlorella boleh diambil. Bacaan lanjut di


Spirulina Multivitamin Daripada Alam

Fiber Satu Keperluan Badan Yang Dilupakan

(3) Menjaga kesihatan diri

A H1N1 merebak dengan cepat kerana sikap kita tidak menjaga kesihatan diri dan mengamalkan amalan kesihatan yang baik.

Kurangkan aktiviti ditempat awam atau melibatkan kumpulan yang ramai bagi mengurangkan risiko pendedahan dan juga risiko anda menjangkitkan virus kepada orang lain.

Sekiranya anda demam rehat di rumah dan hanya boleh boleh keluar sebaik sahaja demam reda selepas 24 jam. Ini adalah langkah untuk memastikan mereka yang mempunyai virusA H1N1 tidak menyebarkannya kepada orang ramai.

Tutup mulut dan hidung sewaktu bersin dan batuk. Virus A H1N1 merebak melalui bersin dan batuk mereka yang menghidapinya.

Cuci tangan sentiasa kerana virus juga boleh merebak melalui sentuhan kepada tempat yang dicemari dengan virus A H1N1.

Elakkan daripada menyentuh mata, hidung dan mulut kerana ia adalah bahagian utama virus A H1N1 menyerang.

Gunakan penutup hidung dan muluk (mask) sama anda sihat atau tidak apabila berada di tempat awam. Permakaian penutup hidung dan mulut adalah terutamanya kepada mereka yang dijangkiti.

Menggunakan mask akan memastikan bersin dan batuk tidak menyebarkan ditempat umum dan individu yang berdekatan dengan anda.

Namun sekiranya anda demam, selsema dan batuk sebaiknya berada di rumah dan berehat.

Jangan pentingkan diri kerana dengan berada di tempat awam atau di pejabat hanya meningkatkan jumlah jangkitan. Berehat dan pastikan anda sihat secara penuh.

Hentikan sebaran virus A H1N1 dengan menjaga dan mengamalkan kesihatan yang sihat.

Segera berjumpa doktor apabila anda mempunyai tanda-tanda berikut :-

  • Demam melebihi 38 Darjah Celcius
  • Sakit tekak
  • Sakit kepala
  • Batuk tidak berkahak pada peringkat awal
  • Letih dan lesu
  • Sakit-sakit badan

Dapatkan rawatan awal dengan segera.

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Saturday, May 23, 2009

How You Can Deal With Ageing Skin

No one can avoid it! You can cover it up with makeup, you can peel away the layers with acid and chemical treatments, you can turn back the clock with surgery but, it will happen. It happened to your parents, it will happen to your children and it will happen to you! It’s inevitable. You will age and your skin will age with you. But healthy aging is a natural process, something that can be accepted and embraced. With so many quick fixes out there it’s easy to forget the most important element of skin aging and that is skin health.

You could have a full face lift, eye lift, and neck lift at the age of 55 but if after the surgery you continue to abuse your skin, you continue to drink a bottle of wine every day, you continue to smoke, you continue to lie out in the sun, and you continue with the same homecare routine of just soap, water and a moisturiser, how long do you think the effects of that surgery will last? Not long. After all, its only superficial, just because you had a facelift does not mean your skin will produce more collagen or more elastin. Yes, your skin is pulled tight so you can’t see the wrinkles, but for how long?

If you focus on keeping your skin healthy it will always look good, whether you are 15, 25 or 65. It is possible to age gracefully, and what, may I ask is wrong with that.

There are two different types of aging. Intrinsic aging is the natural process of physical change over time, it is more about genetics then your lifestyle. This process begins in your mid 20s but will not begin to show on your skin until decades later.

It is premature aging (extrinsic aging) that you can control. Premature aging refers to the unnatural acceleration of the natural aging process it is induced by daylight exposure and lifestyle choices such as smoking , diet and stress.

The Sun
The sun is responsible for a litany of skin issues, and more importantly skin cancer. Scientific studies have shown that repeated ultraviolet exposure breaks down collagen, impairs the skin’s ability to repair itself, and attacks our elastin. In fact, 90% of premature aging is caused by ultraviolet rays from the sun. The damage caused by these damaging rays can be seen through deep wrinkles, age spots (hyper pigmentation), spider veins, a rough, blotchy complexion and the dreaded ‘leathery’ look!

Everyone seems to be aware of the dangers of lying out in the sun and most will use sun protection but it’s the daily exposure to these UV rays that we should be equally aware of as cumulative damage will also cause extensive damage. Fifteen minute walks outside and occasional lunches outdoors can add up to weakened collagen and elastin, and of course, skin cancer. It’s important to remember that even if you don’t see pink or red skin after being in the sun, that doesn’t mean that the damage hasn’t been done.

Lack of sleep / stress
Skin is the first place to be effected by lack of sleep – the immediate effects of exhaustion are represented through dark circles under the eyes and sagging skin.

Stress is inevitable – just like aging! But it also contributes to premature aging. Often when we are stressed we furrow our brow, place our hands on our faces and pull it in every which way and direction and twist our faces around, performing repetitive movements that impart permanent damage.

Exposure to the elements
Cold winds and low temperatures can dry out skin, depriving it of balanced levels of sebum (oil) that keeps skin lubricated. Without these oils, skin becomes dry, and is more prone to premature aging because of the lack of protective oils. This goes for forced air heating as well such as air conditioning. Warm and dry air acts like a giant sponge, soaking up moisture from everything it touches, including your skin.

Lack of exercise / poor diet
Lack of exercise can contribute to prematurely aging skin, as exercise keeps muscles toned and stimulates blood flow. A poor diet leads to a lack of nutrition for the cells and possible exposure to chemicals and preservatives. Fried and burnt food can also cause oxidation (free radicals from vitamins help counteract oxidation), leading to weaker cell structure.

Smokers are more likely than non-smokers to develop wrinkled, leathery skin, as well as a yellowish hue in their complexions. And even if you are not a smoker, being around a smoker can still cause damage to your skin.

So what can be done?

Sun protection as your first line of defence

If the sun is your skin’s worst enemy, then sun protection is your first line of defence. And with new sunscreen technology that won’t clog pores, won’t cause irritation (redness and burning) and won’t feel chalky or greasy, it’s much easier to comfortably make sunscreens a part of your daily skin care routine.

When selecting sun protection, look for sun protection factors (SPF’s) that are combined with stabilized antioxidant vitamins. Research shows sunscreens formulated with antioxidant vitamins provide enhanced protection against damaging UV light and free radicals. With this increased protection from antioxidant vitamins, there is no need to add more potentially irritating sunscreen chemicals to create a higher SPF level.

Dermalogica’s solar defence system delivers this antioxidant technology through UV smart booster technology, a microcapsule containing antioxidant vitamins that burst open upon contact with UV light, releasing the antioxidants onto the skin, providing protection when it’s needed most.

Exfoliation will help to remove dulling skin cells from the skin’s surface while improving penetration of beneficial ingredients. There are many different types of exfoliant available but the most effective form for reducing the appearance of the signs of aging is an alpha hydroxy acid based exfoliant. With this type of exfoliant you apply it as you would a masque, leave it on your skin for approximately 10 minutes and then remove. An alpha hydroxy acid based exfoliant will dissolve the inter-cellular glue that holds your skin cells together, thus loosening dead skin cells and removing them. Using this type of exfoliant reduces the amount of stimulation on your skin, as you don’t need to rub it over your skin as you would if you were to use a scrub based exfoliant.

Emollients (such as Shea Butter and Organic Silicones) will help maintain soft, smooth, pliable skin and will act as a lubricant, helping to reduce flaking and moisture loss while improving appearance.

Topically-applied vitamins
It has been scientifically proven that topically-applied vitamins do improve the health of the skin. Vitamin A helps inhibit collagen breakdown while stimulating collagen production, vitamin B aids in wound healing, vitamin C is an antioxidant that inhibits melanin, and vitamin E is an antioxidant that provides a barrier protection while smoothing the skin. An excellent product to try is Dermalogica’s Multivitamin Power Concentrate, which will give you a daily dose of all the vitamins that your skin needs.


It is also imperative to recognize that the success of your skin treatments will be heavily influenced by your professionally prescribed at-home regimen and the wearing of sunscreen anytime the skin is exposed to daylight. Also important is proper homecare skin products and techniques. Do not use hot water when cleansing, don’t use excessive or abrasive movements (instead, go for gentle, upward circles), keep your surrounding temperature as moderate as possible, and stay away from products that contain artificial fragrances or colours. In addition, ask your skin therapist about products containing peptides. Peptides act as cellular messengers that regulate cell repair while stimulating collagen production. Peptides also help improve skin elasticity and tone while fighting the appearance of fine lines.

Author : Suzie Bell
Source :

Saturday, March 14, 2009

Laser Scar Removal

Like any other medical procedure, with laser scar removal, you must carefully select the right clinic if you want excellent results. Although cost is a factor for most people, do not just go with the lowest bidder. Otherwise you may end up with a clinic that is more interested in your payment than in your health or the results of the treatment. Understandably, cost will be a consideration when choosing, but consider quality as well as cost when choosing a clinic with whom you will entrust your skin. Do not choose your clinic lightly or base it solely on the cost quoted for the procedure. Once you find a clinic, ask about payment plans, and also offer discounts for purchasing multiple treatments at once, which can save you money without compromising on quality.

Consider only board certified dermatologists with a staff of fully trained nurses or technicians. Although some spas or salons offer laser procedures, these are often performed by non-medical personnel, and should be avoided in favor of a laser clinic with extensive training in the lasers they will be using on your skin. Laser beams are very powerful, so trust your skin to the professionals when undergoing laser scar removal. To avoid the risk of complications, choose a trained professional who can explain your risks and how to avoid them.

Before making your final selection, schedule a consultation appointment with several doctors who offer laser scar removal. Each doctor will evaluate your skin and the scar you want removed. Then, they will recommend a specific course of treatment, using a specific laser system. Your doctor should be able to explain in detail the various types of lasers offered for laser scar removal in their office. There are several different types, and they are not all the same. Make sure your doctor is fully trained on the specific type of laser he is recommending for your treatment.

Avoid any doctor who tries to pressure you into signing up right away. Reputable doctors understand that you'll need some time to think about the procedure, and will not try to get you to commit without fully explaining the procedure and its risks. Unfortunately, because laser scar removal can be expensive, a few clinics are more interested in the money than in ensuring you have a good experience.

Like any other medical treatment, there is a risk of complications. However, you can greatly reduce your risks if you choose a quality clinic with an experienced doctor for your laser scar removal procedure.